Ngunga Deogratius & Mugabo Richard

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Mugabo Richard asks his elder about colonialism: How were they able to take control of Rwanda? What types of things did his father witness under colonialism? Why did this they decide to divide Rwandan society? Ngunga Deogratius describes the injustices he saw like poisoning of the water, burning of houses, needless slaughter of cattle, etc. Ngunga Deogratius describes the misunderstandings between the colonial settlers and indigenous people on issues like nutrition, religion, and ethnic divisions. He also tells his son of his time in a dangerous territory. This conversation provides Mugabo Richard with an understanding of his country's and his father's past.

"Teach every Rwandan child to be respectful. Teach them to not be boastful simply because they went to school, but to be obedient to elders. These types of people are 'empty;' they do not know the Rwandan culture. Going to school without knowing the basic Rwandan values is useless. When we fled to different countries, if we had adopted their cultures instead of continuing our own, then we would have been stuck in exile. Wherever we went we never lost our culture." Ngunga Deogratius

"I wanted to know, when the white people came what was it like? How did you receive them? I would like to know about them coming here." Mugabo Richard

Listen in Kinyarwanda : 
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SEPTEMBER 2014 - Archival Science 14 (Nos. 3-4, 2014): 275-306. Available here


OCTOBER 2014 - Founder and Director Patricia Pasick, Ph.D. has been honored as a 2014 Purpose Prize Fellow which recognizes “outstanding social innovators over aged 60 who are working to change the world by finding solutions to challenging social problems.“

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