Mukagakwaya Beatrice & Muvunyi Olivier

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Muvunyi Olivier has many questions for his mother, Mukagakwaya Beatrice, about how Rwandan culture has changed since her childhood. Mukagakwaya Beatrice provides descriptions of the courtship rituals in the past, dress and behavior during weddings, and the gender norms that governed women’s lives. She tells her son that women today are not as respectful of traditional cultured or their elders. She advises young people to be peaceful and content with what they have. Muvunyi Olivier welcomes his mother’s story and wonders about these traditions in contemporary society.

“During our time, if a guy loved a lady, his family could go to the family of the lady and tell the family that their son wanted a lady from their family. If there was no problem, they accepted it. If they were not contented with that family, they refused. Today a lady get married to a guy she likes even though her parents may not want it. It was not the case in our time.” Mukagakwaya Beatrice

“Aged persons always complain about the ladies of this generation, saying that they are no more cultured, so, I wanted to know how the ladies of your generation behaved. I want you to tell me briefly how you behaved when you were young.” Muvunyi Olivier

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SEPTEMBER 2014 - Archival Science 14 (Nos. 3-4, 2014): 275-306. Available here


OCTOBER 2014 - Founder and Director Patricia Pasick, Ph.D. has been honored as a 2014 Purpose Prize Fellow which recognizes “outstanding social innovators over aged 60 who are working to change the world by finding solutions to challenging social problems.“

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