Musabyimana Epiphanie & Hakizimana Justin

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Hakizimana Justin and Musabyimana Epiphanie are siblings who lost their parents during the genocide. Since Hakizimana Justin was very young at the time, he wants his older sister to tell him about their family, ethnic discrimination, and the many hardships that she went through after the genocide. Since he has no other adult to turn to, Hakizimana Justin also asks Musayimana Epiphanie for advice about how he should behave in different settings. As any good older sister would do, she advises him on the proper way to live his life.

“In short, my bad things are many, and I don’t even know when the night falls and the day lights. For a person on earth of an age that is difficult to deal with should not go through what I went through. The good things that I encountered on this earth are few. That’s why everyone should know how to live with people and avoid the bad things that could happen to him; avoid rumors. That’s why a young person has to grow up knowing the story of this elders, so that they can give him advice.” Musabyimana Epiphanie

“I also need someone who can encourage me because we have many problems out there and I cannot find anyone to consult. We encounter many problems as young children. You are like my mother so I want to ask you how I would behave. I feel like putting my life in your hands. There is a lot you could tell me about how I should behave.” Hakizimana Justin

Listen in Kinyarwanda : 
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SEPTEMBER 2014 - Archival Science 14 (Nos. 3-4, 2014): 275-306. Available here


OCTOBER 2014 - Founder and Director Patricia Pasick, Ph.D. has been honored as a 2014 Purpose Prize Fellow which recognizes “outstanding social innovators over aged 60 who are working to change the world by finding solutions to challenging social problems.“

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